Free Shipping On All Orders (Contiguous USA Only)

"Sustainably Sourced Coffee", What it really means!

May 18, 2016 9 Comments

Sustainability is a tricky thing to define. Much the like the term “specialty,” the more you try to define it, the more elusive the concept becomes. I’d rather leave it open-ended, and make room for the possibility that even once the right words are found, there will still be something more to pursue. Still, it’s easy to get hung up on the question, “what is sustainable coffee?”

One reason it’s difficult to define sustainable coffee is, in truth, it’s hard to say decisively that coffee as an industry is not sustainable. We can certainly see sustainability challenges and even risks in the coffee sector. At a macro-level, the world is readying to feed a population of 9+ billion—demand for agricultural commodities is rising faster than supply, which may very well bleed over into coffee. Water and phosphorous resources are strained. Challenges for coffee farmers are well documented, namely around food insecurity, and the next generation of farmers are migrating to cities. But some shrug all of that off—it’s a long time from now, coffee doesn’t face agricultural competition because of the altitude at which it is grown, and who knows what breakthrough is on the horizon? There are many reasons not to pursue sustainability solutions—the issues are complex, murky, and currently, undefinable. And, there is a lot of coffee out there at  the moment.

Still, there are many people and companies pursuing sustainable coffee because they see what gets lost in the macro-view: livelihood challenges, soil degradation, water strain, land use pressures, and rust disease. They don’t need sustainability defined, don’t disbelieve the increasing challenges of the world, and aren’t waiting for more data points. In many ways, they just look at the world in front of them. In coffee, they look at a market that has been hovering around a $1.00 per pound and question, “How is that sustainable?” In countries like Costa Rica, it’s clearly not sustainable, as evidenced by all the beautiful new condos and commercial developments that are steadily taking over former coffee farms in prime growing regions. In other areas, where land and labor are more abundant, coffee is more likely to hang on. It’s hard to predict the timeframe, but at least for the foreseeable future, coffee may be technically sustainable in these areas. A farmer may stay in coffee regardless of market conditions, riding the highs and lows as he always has. However, it is unlikely that farmer will stayfocused on coffee. The lower and more prolonged the lows, the more incentive there is to seek alternatives. It’s not uncommon for a farmer to diversify and take other jobs. I visited a group of farmers around Lake Atitlá0n in Guatemala and all the men were day laboring while the women picked coffee, took care of children and elderly parents, tended the garden, etc. In this scenario, coffee becomes a secondary activity or moves even further down the list of things for a family to do.

susmean1

Smallholder production of coffee may be “sustainable,” but coffee may be less and less of a priority for farmers. Which means there may be coffee, but not necessarily grown and handled with the same care, and grown by farmers who are increasingly likely to invest in areas other than their farms. Limited farm re-investment creates new vulnerabilities and ultimately undermines capacity for supply. Fundamentally, a sustainable coffee is one that will always be there—at the quantities and qualities demanded by the marketplace. This is where coffee’s sustainability looks less certain. All this points to at least part of the definition for sustainable coffee: coffee that provides meaningful economic benefit to the farmer, encourages investment, and assures supply. Then another challenge of definition arises—what does “meaningful,” well… mean?

Currently there are two main models for making coffee more economically compelling: pay more or do more. Either pay a higher price for coffee, guarantee a greater share of return, or support the farmer in building greater economic opportunities by helping with credit access, technical assistance, or reaching new markets. However, while undeniably helpful, these solutions don’t necessarily add up to economic viability. It’s isn’t just about how much the farmer grows or earns, it’s about what those activities yield in relation to a host of economic and family activities a farmer has to pursue.

Typical measures of price and yield aren’t measures of profitability, nor do they take into account opportunity cost. In my role, as I’ve been working through various supply chain strategies to deliver meaningful economic benefit to our producer partners, I engaged with a consultant, Christophe Montagnon. One aspect of his work with us was to really look at inputs—how much does it cost a farmer to achieve the level of quality that is suitable for higher-value markets, or to obtain a sustainability certification?  Christophe illuminated that it is not always in the farmer’s best interest to do more on the farm. If there are other streams of economic activity, coffee may very well be most useful only as a side activity. His findings were a humbling reminder that as much as we may sometimes think so, coffee is not at the center of the universe.

That doesn’t mean we stop working to deliver meaningful economic benefit, and we will continue to invest in technical assistance and other producer support programs—paying more and doing more are great things—but we are now approaching the subject with a broader, more inclusive perspective. I want nothing more than for farmers to realize the true value of their production, but there is the possibility we’re approaching the concept of value too much through a buying-side lens.

There also seems to be a strong narrative in our industry that quality, and subsequently quality incentives, are the paths toward economic sustainability. Is that necessarily true? I offer this exploration not as a critique of existing models, or to dissuade anyone from pursuing direct relationships and alternate-pricing or contract models, but simply as a reminder that sustainability isn’t fully defined yet for a reason. The economic component of sustainability is layered. For a farmer, it includes credit and financing, farm-level considerations (costs of production, yield, and productivity), payment and pricing, ownership, level of diversification, and financial management skill. The issue goes well beyond quality. We haven’t yet answered the question of what it takes for coffee to become a viable economic activity. While that is not an excuse for inaction, it also isn’t an excuse to tread too hard on one particular pathway. We have to continually challenge ourselves to seek new routes.

It isn’t just about what we want to buy and how much we pay, or how much we “help,” but also about what makes coffee a worthwhile activity for a farmer to pursue. At the most basic level, we lack good information about costs of production, farm profitability, and what it takes for a smallholder to be economically successful. If we are going to understand what sustainability means for our sector or pursue strategies that promote things the sector values, like assured supply and quality, then we have to understand what “meaningful economic benefit” means, and we need the farmer perspective for that. Building lasting supplies of great coffee requires farmers for whom it’s in their best interest to be a partner in that process. Only a farmer can really define what’s “meaningful” to them.




9 Responses

안전 토토사이트 추천
안전 토토사이트 추천

May 13, 2022

https://sportsbetting010.blogspot.com/2022/05/2022-mlb-mvp-odds-and-predictions.html
https://sportsbetting0000.blogspot.com/2022/05/3-tips-for-better-dfs-golf-roster.html
https://sportsbetting01200.blogspot.com/2022/05/henry-cejudo-is-coming-back-but-what.html
https://sportsbettingooo13.blogspot.com/2022/05/uefa-europa-league-top-picks-from.html
https://sportsbettingpro1.mystrikingly.com/blog/why-catchers-are-important-in-mlb-handicapping
https://sportsbettingpro2.mystrikingly.com/blog/ncaa-football-fantastic-5-fireworks-in-columbus-angry-dawgs-invade-michigan
https://sportsbettingpro3.mystrikingly.com/blog/major-league-baseball-parlay-of-the-day-nl-wild-card-edition
https://sportbettingpro4.mystrikingly.com/blog/2021-breeders-cup-classic-preview-predictions-and-betting-odds2021
https://6266620dc37df.site123.me/blog/2022-milan-san-remo-betting-preview
https://626666b72089f.site123.me/blog/2021-22-uefa-champions-league-playoffs-betting-predictions-who-to-bet-on-in-the-round-of-16-share-on-facebook-share-on-twitter
https://62666d206bb01.site123.me/blog/4-steps-to-build-successful-sports-betting-models
https://6266702d2f350.site123.me/blog/7-easy-tips-you-can-use-to-increase-your-sports-betting-success
https://flwrtonyang.wixsite.com/sportsbettingpro1/post/ways-to-see-as-valuable-over-under-bets-in-college-football
https://t8778308.wixsite.com/sportsbettingpro2/post/sony-open-in-hawaii-betting-preview
https://jolstsmmr.wixsite.com/sportsbettingpro3/post/why-the-goalie-is-the-backbone-of-a-soccer-team
https://blairebble.wixsite.com/sportsbettingpro4/post/most-popular-specials-and-props-in-soccer-betting
https://padlet.com/flwrtonyang/6dzav8rcoaa22a80
https://padlet.com/t8778308/1ft8zsdnooni8j8o
https://padlet.com/jolstsmmr/nqsjl6fpp65x4wk3
https://padlet.com/blairebble/1tmjwcc5pb4764lg
https://medium.com/flwrtonyang/nhl-playoffs-betting-tips-719e5cc9ef7 https://medium.com/t8778308/nhl-betting-who-will-win-the-central-division-22b302ef7581
https://medium.com/jolstsmmr/6-step-ncaa-football-betting-system-for-new-gamblers-3b38bcea4fca https://medium.com/blairebble/usa-soccer-shirt-badge-and-england-soccer-shirt-badge-2019-womens-world-cup-logo-b74f24745772
https://awesomecasino88.blogspot.com/2022/05/asia-gather-together-wynn-macau-q1.html
https://casinothingz.blogspot.com/2022/05/las-vegas-mirage-volcano-days-numbered.html
https://casino7news.blogspot.com/2022/05/great-korea-1q-execution-up-helped-by.html
https://casiknow88.blogspot.com/2022/05/jazz-looking-at-ex-top-lottery-pick-to.html
https://medium.com/burnsishblel/aga-reports-14-3bn-in-us-business-gaming-income-for-q1-14c11de440c3 https://medium.com/hettieshoward/wynn-macau-ltd-feels-the-heat-of-lockdowns-and-missing-vips-ec81806976f
https://medium.com/irvingjrich/suncity-listco-to-sell-a-few-units-us-16mln-gain-anticipated-745ff1bb4cbb https://medium.com/judynlucas/detroit-club-close-120m-in-month-to-month-income-2246461c5288
https://medium.com/fitzlamour/star-entertainment-accused-of-misleading-investors-by-denying-media-expos%C3%A9-55903b5716a2 https://penzu.com/p/36d16a10 https://penzu.com/p/c8c20742 https://penzu.com/p/b9a530d3 https://penzu.com/p/d15b434c https://penzu.com/p/11d156d4 https://burnsishblel.wixsite.com/thesportsenthusiast/post/new-york-lottery-says-human-blunder-made-wrong-winning-numbers-be-distributed https://padlet.com/burnsishblel/fvbguyhzmbiwa9ib https://padlet.com/hettieshoward/Bookmarks https://padlet.com/irvingjrich/ktfqf0eahxpst4yp https://padlet.com/judynlucas/Bookmarks https://padlet.com/fitzlamour/Bookmarks https://scribe.rip/burnsishblel/aga-reports-14-3bn-in-us-business-gaming-income-for-q1-14c11de440c3
https://scribe.rip/hettieshoward/wynn-macau-ltd-feels-the-heat-of-lockdowns-and-missing-vips-ec81806976f https://scribe.rip/irvingjrich/suncity-listco-to-sell-a-few-units-us-16mln-gain-anticipated-745ff1bb4cbb
https://scribe.rip/judynlucas/detroit-club-close-120m-in-month-to-month-income-2246461c5288 https://scribe.rip/fitzlamour/star-entertainment-accused-of-misleading-investors-by-denying-media-expos%C3%A9-55903b5716a2
https://www.pearltrees.com/burnsishblel/item443898008
https://www.pearltrees.com/hettieshoward2/item443898351
https://www.pearltrees.com/irvingjrich/item443898695
https://www.pearltrees.com/judynlucas/item443898968
https://www.pearltrees.com/fitzlamour/item443899272
https://sportsbetting122.blogspot.com/2022/05/maine-sports-betting-latest-news-and.html
https://sportrules123.blogspot.com/2022/05/moderate-mp-says-sask-government-has.html
https://sportsmain1221.blogspot.com/2022/05/nba-picks-smartest-choices-why-warriors.html
https://sportsbenefits123.blogspot.com/2022/05/the-best-uk-sports-betting-apps.html
https://sportsblogbetting1.mystrikingly.com/blog/put-everything-on-the-line-nba-end-of-the-season-games-prop-wagers-to-watch
https://sportsblogbetting2.mystrikingly.com/blog/absence-of-reasonableness-prompting-ill-conceived-notions-surpassing-games
https://sportsblogbetting3.mystrikingly.com/blog/brooklyn-nets-sportsbook-promo-codes-top-nets-betting-offers
https://sportsbettingblog4.mystrikingly.com/blog/where-is-online-sports-betting-legal-in-canada
https://sn741138.wixsite.com/sportsblogbetting1/post/the-billion-dollar-question-for-ontario-sports-wagering-are-benefits-conceivable-or-is-it-the-bust
https://asdaqwe847.wixsite.com/sportsblogbetting/post/sixers-nba-title-odds-rise-and-fall-with-joel-embiid-the-real-nba
https://cxzz33248.wixsite.com/sportsblogbetting3/post/the-week-in-sports-betting-news-new-york-state-of-mind-once-again
https://zxcwqe28.wixsite.com/sportsblogbetting/post/figure-out-how-to-bet-on-the-nba-in-2022
https://medium.com/sn741138/draftkings-shares-near-all-time-low-despite-earnings-beat-optimism-of-gnog-acquisition-bb40534fd5fa https://medium.com/asdaqwe847/northern-exposure-playfallsview-sportsbook-latest-on-ontario-cga-news-5646a54c1d9
https://medium.com/cxzz33248/sportsbook-vip-programs-aint-what-they-used-to-be-bettors-say-e0cf0ef63c42 https://medium.com/zxcwqe28/month-to-month-stock-watch-sports-betting-stocks-tread-water-ahead-of-key-earnings-period-fb227fe32663
https://padlet.com/sn741138/e5thrci2jxoq66ee
https://padlet.com/asdaqwe847/j0h0mh996krkdp9g
https://padlet.com/cxzz33248/l7epp3q89760vqw2
https://padlet.com/zxcwqe28/1k74fxwbupcw1muv
https://626660aab6698.site123.me/blog/will-kentucky-s-senate-pass-the-sports-betting-bill-this-week
https://6266660b960c6.site123.me/blog/best-betting-scenes-artificial-inspiration-in-the-pope-of-greenwich-village
https://62666cefb0182.site123.me/blog/northern-exposure-the-masters-ontario-live-blue-jays-partner-with-thescore-bet
https://62666fbbaf37e.site123.me/blog/ontario-takes-balanced-approach-with-sports-betting
https://sportsbetting47.blogspot.com/2022/05/the-most-effective-method-to-make-super.html
https://bettingpicks47.blogspot.com/2022/05/the-5-factors-that-lead-to-college.html
https://sportswagering47.blogspot.com/2022/05/winning-nfl-bets-6-easiest-football.html
https://wageringpicks47.blogspot.com/2022/05/what-is-moneyline-bet-football-and.html
https://www.pearltrees.com/ranma14/item443895705
https://www.pearltrees.com/site14/item443895818
https://www.pearltrees.com/holdem14/item443895952
https://www.pearltrees.com/hawk14/item443896197
https://medium.com/lstiles135/the-top-5-books-in-basketball-fiction-53e077508c13 https://medium.com/klausmk001/ways-to-wager-on-the-nba-finals-9d805d93394b
https://medium.com/standamon123/4-tips-for-picking-the-best-nba-daily-fantasy-roster-d01232ad013c https://medium.com/shaynes1122/what-can-you-learn-from-2021-march-madness-upsets-9aecbff59556
https://mega-win-casino.webnode.com/l/stephen-curry-standing-on-nba-court/?gl=1*1mxrsni*_ga*NTY3NzAxNTUzLjE2NTIzMjYzNTA.*_ga_YSX1HV0KT8*MTY1MjMyNjM1MC4xLjEuMTY1MjMyNjM4OS4yMQ..
https://casino-grand.webnode.com/l/ways-to-wager-in-nba-players-instead-of-teams/?gl=1*o6wweu*_ga*NTY3NzAxNTUzLjE2NTIzMjYzNTA.*_ga_YSX1HV0KT8*MTY1MjMyNjM1MC4xLjEuMTY1MjMyNjkwNC44
https://fast-bets.webnode.com/l/the-best-and-worst-draft-classes-in-nba-history/?gl=1*25ejah*_ga*NTY3NzAxNTUzLjE2NTIzMjYzNTA.*_ga_YSX1HV0KT8*MTY1MjMyNjM1MC4xLjEuMTY1MjMyNzM4Ny42MA..
https://chill-casino.webnode.com/l/best-undrafted-players-in-nba-history/?_gl=1*11gzy1r*
ga*NTY3NzAxNTUzLjE2NTIzMjYzNTA.*
ga
YSX1HV0KT8*MTY1MjMyNjM1MC4xLjEuMTY1MjMyNzk3Mi41OQ..
https://sportsbetting0321.weebly.com/blog/5-reasons-to-change-your-nfl-betting-strategy-in-the-preseason
https://sportsgames321.weebly.com/blog/insider-facts-to-winning-your-esports-bets
https://bigbets328.weebly.com/blog/all-that-you-need-to-know-about-esports-live-betting
https://sbetting328.weebly.com/blog/lol-2019-world-championship-early-odds-and-predictions
https://lstiles135.wixsite.com/betting418/post/4-poker-pros-who-are-also-elite-esports-gamers
https://klausmk001.wixsite.com/betting411/post/fun-prop-bets-for-the-2020-kentucky-derby
https://standamon123.wixsite.com/gambling411/post/a-look-ahead-to-the-biggest-horse-races-of-fall-2019
https://shaynes1122.wixsite.com/gaming411/post/2020-preakness-stakes-betting-preview-with-prediction
https://wisdom.tribe.so/post/145th-kentucky-derby-combination-bets-that-might-actually-work-627ca7430db6e0a78b3b7d43
https://wisdom.tribe.so/post/value-of-esports-skin-betting-vs-traditional-esports-betting-627cab042b2af9555571c014
https://wisdom.tribe.so/post/6-tips-that-can-help-you-win-live-soccer-betting-627cac8e65be4a18acdfdbcb
https://wisdom.tribe.so/post/ways-to-wager-on-soccer-for-us-handicappers-627cadbf4f088a58ca8dd78e

서울오피
서울오피

April 23, 2022

hhttps://www.nbcnews.com/search/?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://discover.hubpages.com/search?query=https://opviewer.com/
https://search.sheffield.ac.uk/s/search.html?query=https://opviewer.com/
https://news.abs-cbn.com/special-pages/search?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.microsoft.com/nl-nl/search/explore?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?search=https://opviewer.com/&ns0=1
https://wordpress.org/search/https://opviewer.com/
https://www.istockphoto.com/nl/search/2/image?family=creative&phrase=https://opviewer.com/
https://github.com/search?q=https://opviewer.com/&type=
https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=https://opviewer.com/
https://play.google.com/store/search?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.globo.com/busca/?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.hugedomains.com/domain_search.cfm?domain_name=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.reuters.com/site-search/?query=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.brandbucket.com/search?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.weebly.com/domains?search=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/#/search;query=https://opviewer.com/
https://edex.adobe.com/search?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://search.usa.gov/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&affiliate=www.healthit.gov&query=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.tumblr.com/search/https://opviewer.com/
https://www.deviantart.com/search?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://domains.lycos.com/search/?search=https://opviewer.com
https://www.instructables.com/howto/https://opviewer.com//
https://discover.hubpages.com/search?query=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.soup.io/?s=https://opviewer.com/
https://startupxplore.com/en/search?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.mywot.com/scorecard/https://opviewer.com/
https://www.designspiration.com/search/saves/?q=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.isixsigma.com/qsearch/?sphrase=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.bloglovin.com/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://casa.abril.com.br/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://blogs.ubc.ca/mannatcheema/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://trove.nla.gov.au/search/category/websites?keyword=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://edukite.org/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&post_type=course
https://www.australiantraveller.com/search/?search_term=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.coupondunia.in/blog/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://jbf4093j.videomarketingplatform.co/search/perform?search=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://ga.videomarketingplatform.co/search/perform?search=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://frlu.breakthroughfuel.com/web/guest/welcome;jsessionid=AB87182D9FD51D8642BCCEF8A2C75064?p_p_id=36&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state=pop_up&p_p_mode=view&36_struts_action=wikisearch&36_redirect=webguestwelcome-wikiMainsporttotopop_up%3Fp_r_p_185834411_title%3Dsporttoto&36_nodeId=39521&36_keywords=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.apple.com/nz/search/https%3A-https://opviewer.com/?src=itunes_serp
https://www.reddit.com/search/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://observer.com/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.diigo.com/profile/firki232d?query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.laweekly.com/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://allafrica.com/search/?search_string=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&search-submit=
https://www.widgetbox.com/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://aweita.larepublica.pe/search?searching=https://https://opviewer.com//
https://azbigmedia.com/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.irishcentral.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.irishcentral.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://nyfights.com/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://wordpress.org/search/https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.pinterest.nz/search/pins/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&rs=typed&term_meta[]=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://play.google.com/store/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&c=apps&hl=en_US&gl=US
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?search=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://support.google.com/admob/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/buglist.cgi?quicksearch=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://developers.google.com/s/results/third-party-ads?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.ehow.com/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.codeproject.com/search.aspx?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.javaworld.com/search?query=https://opviewer.com/
https://www.meetup.com/find/?keywords=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/%2
https://www.familylife.com/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://thefamilydinnerproject.org/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.ufs.ac.za/Search-Results?indexCatalogue=All-Sites-Search-Index&searchQuery=https://https://opviewer.com//
https://www.glamour.com/search?q=HTTPS%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/%2
https://www.bloomberg.com/search?query=https://https://opviewer.com//
https://www.chalmers.se/en/search/Pages/default.aspx?q=https%3ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://en-urban.tau.ac.il/tau/search?keys=https://https://opviewer.com//
https://www.eaie.org/search.html?queryStr=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.co.monterey.ca.us/how-do-i/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.handbook.fca.org.uk/handbook?site-search=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://iconic.ftn.uns.ac.rs/?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://mixxmix.com/product/search.html?banner_action=&keyword=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://link.springer.com/search?query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/search?qs=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.nature.com/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.sapo.pt/pesquisa/web/tudo?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://videos.sapo.pt/search.html?word=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/validator?profile=css2&warning=2&uri=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://validator.w3.org/nu/?doc=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://forums.opera.com/outgoing?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://m.ok.ru/dk?st.c?d=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://legal.un.org/docs/doc_top.asp?path=../ilc/documentation/english/a_cn4_13.pd&Lang=Ef&referer=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://validator.w3.org/unicorn/check?ucn_task=conformance&ucn_uri=www.https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://search.aol.com/aol/search?q=link:https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.ibm.com/links/?cc=us&lc=en&prompt=1&url=//https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.researchgate.net/deref/https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/?forcePage=true
https://business.trustpilot.com/signup?utm_medium=consumer&utm_source=claim_company_button&utm_campaign=consumer_cta&website=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://yandex.ru/search/?lr=105416&text=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/newsletter/clicked/?cid=2a0512b3aca843ebd36a2010059a615b&url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://blogs.rtve.es/libs/getfirma_footer_prod.php?blogurl=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://mail.rambler.ru/m/redirect?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://sites.utexas.edu/nursing/wp-login.php?redirect_to=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://gbl.home.pl/intermed.php?intermed=ckcz&destination=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://search18.lycos.com/web/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com//&keyvol=00d4d4d71b30fe1ae215
https://cbslocal.com/tickets/redirect?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/gilla/?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://drobil.blog.idnes.cz/redir.aspx?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://duchonova.blog.idnes.cz/redir.aspx?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://sns.qzone.qq.com/cgi-bin/qzshare/cgi_qzshare_onekey?summary=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://r.idnes.cz/r.asp?r=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://community.amd.com/external-link?https:https://opviewer.com/
https://gaff.gnavi.co.jp/track/https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.freepik.com/trk_campaign.php?https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://uk.ask.com/web?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com//
http://weekly.chosun.com/protectweekly/https%253A%252F%252Fhttps://opviewer.com/
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/nooutbounds.php?o=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://blogs.kde.org/user/password?name=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.reg.ru/domain/new/checkmany?dname=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://share.pho.to/away?to=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&id=ACBj7&t=9BpgEvc
https://blog.ss-blog.jp/pages/mobile/step/index?u=https%253A%252F%252Fhttps://opviewer.com/
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://rspcb.safety.fhwa.dot.gov/pageRedirect.aspx?RedirectedURL=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reauthorization/reauexit.cfm?link=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://accounts.cancer.org/login?redirectURL=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://tieba.baidu.com/mo/q/checkurl?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://sitereport.netcraft.com/?URL=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://top.bigmir.net/goto.php?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://www.wizards.com/leaving.asp?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://traduction.culture.gouv.fr/url/Result.aspx?to=en&url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://tpwebapp.hktdc.com/emailthis/recommend.asp?title=hktdc20kong20electronics20(autumn20edition)&referrerurl=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://missinfo.tv/index.php?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.lulu.com/spotlight/redirect/?https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
http://login.ezproxy.library.uvic.ca/login?qurl=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://sfdistrictattorney.org/redirect.aspx?url=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://edition.cnn.com/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://abcnews.go.com/search?searchtext=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://search-beta.abc.net.au/#/?query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.cbs.com/sitesearch/results/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.pbs.org/search/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.cbc.ca/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.ctv.ca/search/https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
bbc.co.uk/iplayer/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.rte.ie/search/query/https://https://opviewer.com///
https://web.archive.org/web/20170509055524/http://www.france3.fr/recherche?s=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.rtve.es/buscador/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&desde=&hasta=&site=RTVE
https://www.zdf.de/suche?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.arte.tv/en/search/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://web.archive.org/web/20210518153317/https://https://opviewer.com//
https://web.archive.org/web/20210518153317/https://https://opviewer.com//
https://search.tv2.dk/?query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.dr.dk/drtv/soeg?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://web.archive.org/web/20210518153317/https://https://opviewer.com//
https://www.nrk.no/sok/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.nelonen.fi/haku/https%3A//https://opviewer.com//
https://www.mtvuutiset.fi/haku?query=https://https://opviewer.com//
https://haku.yle.fi/?language=fi&page=1&query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.npostart.nl/zoeken?term=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.kijk.nl/brands/net5/8xe58NVMmQdJE07TUddA8?zoek=httpshttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.kijk.nl/brands/sbs6/3JQRZk9eYj74YCtD2JZXib?zoek=httpshttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.vrt.be/nl/zoeken/#https%253a%252f%252fhttps://opviewer.com/
https://vtm.be/?referrer=https%3Ako.wikipedia.org
https://www.rtbf.be/chercher/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.1tv.ru/search?from=1995-01-01&to=2021-07-02&q=text%3Ahttps%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.5-tv.ru/search/?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&n=1&f=1&p=1
https://www.ntv.ru/finder/?keytext=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://smotrim.ru/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.rts.ch/play/recherche?query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.srf.ch/programm/tv/suche?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://search-beta.abc.net.au/#/?query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.sbs.com.au/search?query=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/&p=1
https://web.archive.org/web/20070826145411/http://search.live.com/results.aspx?v=1&FORM=MSNMH1&MKT=en-au&RS=CHECKED&q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://10play.com.au/search?query=https://https://opviewer.com//
https://www.tvnz.co.nz/search?q=https%3Ahttps://opviewer.com/
https://www.maoritelevision.com/search/all/https://https://opviewer.com//
https://www.maoritelevision.com/search/all/https://https://opviewer.com//

카지노사이트
카지노사이트

April 23, 2022

https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://lekoufa.ru/banner/go?banner_id=4&link=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://oxleys.app/friends.php?q=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://smile.wjp.am/link-free/link3.cgi?mode=cnt&no=8&hpurl=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://tido.al/vazhdo.php?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.vicsport.com.au/analytics/outbound?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://ramset.com.au/document/url/?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://ramset.com.au/Document/Url/?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www2.golflink.com.au/out.aspx?frm=logo&target=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.oebb.at/nightjet_newsletter/tc/xxxx?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.vicsport.com.au/analytics/outbound?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://ramset.com.au/document/url/?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.toto-dream.com/redirect?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://offers.sidex.ru/stat_ym_new.php?redir=https://www.ce-top10.com/&hash=1577762
https://gektor-nsk.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://gfaq.ru/go?https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www.gigatran.ru/go?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://globalmedia51.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www.go2golf.ru/link/redirect?link=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://golden-resort.ru/out.php?out=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://avalon.gondor.ru/away.php?link=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://good-surf.ru/r.php?g=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://mbrf.ae/knowledgeaward/language/ar/?redirect_url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.snek.ai/redirect?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www.torrent.ai/lt/redirect.php?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://avto.al/az/home/redirect?carId=1639612&url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://tido.al/vazhdo.php?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://smile.wjp.am/link-free/link3.cgi?mode=cnt&no=8&hpurl=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://oxleys.app/friends.php?q=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://gbi-12.ru/links.php?go=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://gcup.ru/go?https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www.gearguide.ru/phpbb/go.php?https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://gektor-nsk.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://gfaq.ru/go?https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://azt.ggeek.ru/azt-zbt.php?p=ggeek&backurl=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www.gigatran.ru/go?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://ramset.com.au/Document/Url/?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.vicsport.com.au/analytics/outbound?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://globalmedia51.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www.go2golf.ru/link/redirect?link=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://smile.wjp.am/link-free/link3.cgi?mode=cnt&no=8&hpurl=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://oxleys.app/friends.php?q=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://golden-resort.ru/out.php?out=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://tido.al/vazhdo.php?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://avalon.gondor.ru/away.php?link=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://good-surf.ru/r.php?g=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://avto.al/az/home/redirect?carId=1639612&url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://www.torrent.ai/lt/redirect.php?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.snek.ai/redirect?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://edcommunity.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://page.yicha.cn/tp/j?url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://es.catholic.net/ligas/ligasframe.phtml?liga=https://www.ce-top10.com/
http://a.gongkong.com/db/adredir.asp?id=16757&url=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.moonbbs.com/dm/dmlink.php?dmurl=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://forsto.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://www.cossa.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=click&event2=&event3=&goto=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://passport.sfacg.com/LoginOut.aspx?Returnurl=https://www.ce-top10.com/
https://teenagegambling.blogspot.com/2022/04/jeff-gural-breaks-ground-on-tioga-downs.html
https://gamblingdiscussion45456.blogspot.com/2022/04/victorian-government-discusses-bid-for.html
https://factorsleadtogambling.blogspot.com/2022/04/windsor-locks-officials-reject-proposal.html
https://usgambling15465.blogspot.com/2022/04/the-seminole-tribe-sues-florida-over.html
https://padlet.com/rapoorakk/Bookmarks/wish/2152947654
https://padlet.com/rakkrapoo/Bookmarks/wish/2152955505
https://padlet.com/afourtechf1/Bookmarks/wish/2152963827
https://padlet.com/redragon913/Bookmarks/wish/2152973498
https://www.pearltrees.com/rapoorakk/item440607481
https://www.pearltrees.com/rakkrapoo/item440607618
https://www.pearltrees.com/afourtechf1/item440607745
https://www.pearltrees.com/redragon913/item440607860
https://medium.com/ches89700/maryland-live-social-casino-goes-live-with-gans-simulated-gaming-f2bb36b68837 https://medium.com/leej03097/victoria-officials-remain-open-to-new-casino-b52d14667820
https://medium.com/annechu852/significant-casino-operators-to-leave-nevadas-main-electric-utility-f9e787fb7150 https://medium.com/yanako741/netent-content-goes-live-on-golden-nugget-casino-site-c5228c170456
https://penzu.com/p/469e3b96
https://penzu.com/p/364e55b8
https://penzu.com/p/435303fd
https://penzu.com/p/03cdd40e
https://anotepad.com/notes/mw55y5xp
https://anotepad.com/notes/gkxwdxqw
https://anotepad.com/notes/tmj54sb8
https://anotepad.com/notes/ctgexxsj

온라인카지노
온라인카지노

April 19, 2022

https://twilightrussia.ru/go?https://joinlive77.com/
https://u74.ru/away?to=https://joinlive77.com/
https://ulfishing.ru/forum/go.php?https://joinlive77.com/
https://underwood.ru/away.html?url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://unicom.ru/links.php?go=https://joinlive77.com/
http://www.unifin.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=https://joinlive77.com/
https://uogorod.ru/feed/520?redirect=https://joinlive77.com/
https://utmagazine.ru/r?url=https://joinlive77.com/
http://econom.uu.ru/?a[]=<a+href=https://joinlive77.com/
http://econom.uu.ru/?a[]=<a+href=https://joinlive77.com/
http://uvbnb.ru/go?https://joinlive77.com/
https://uziolog.ru/redirect?url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://skibaza.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://joinlive77.com/
http://www.skladcom.ru/(S(qdiwhk55jkcyok45u4ti0a55))/banners.aspx?url=https://joinlive77.com/
http://mias.skoda-avto.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=news_out&event2=&goto=https://joinlive77.com/
https://smartservices.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://joinlive77.com/
https://smolkassa.ru/?b=1&r=https://joinlive77.com/
http://www.topkam.ru/gtu/?url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://torggrad.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://joinlive77.com/
http://torgi-rybinsk.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://joinlive77.com/
http://tpprt.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://joinlive77.com/
https://casa.abril.com.br/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://blogs.ubc.ca/mannatcheema/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F&submit=Search
https://trove.nla.gov.au/search/category/websites?keyword=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://edukite.org/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F&post_type=course
https://www.australiantraveller.com/search/?search_term=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.coupondunia.in/blog/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://jbf4093j.videomarketingplatform.co/search/perform?search=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://ga.videomarketingplatform.co/search/perform?search=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://frlu.breakthroughfuel.com/web/guest/welcome;jsessionid=AB87182D9FD51D8642BCCEF8A2C75064?p_p_id=36&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state=pop_up&p_p_mode=view&36_struts_action=%2Fwiki%2Fsearch&36_redirect=%2Fweb%2Fguest%2Fwelcome%2F-%2Fwiki%2FMain%2Fsporttoto%2Fpop_up%3Fp_r_p_185834411_title%3Dsporttoto&36_nodeId=39521&36_keywords=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.apple.com/nz/search/https%3A-joinlive77.com?src=itunes_serp
https://www.reddit.com/search/?q=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://observer.com/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.diigo.com/profile/firki232d?query=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.laweekly.com/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://allafrica.com/search/?search_string=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F&search-submit=
https://www.widgetbox.com/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F&tcb_sf_post_type%5B%5D=post&tcb_sf_post_type%5B%5D=page
https://aweita.larepublica.pe/search?searching=https://joinlive77.com/
https://azbigmedia.com/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.irishcentral.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&q=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.irishcentral.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&q=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://nyfights.com/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://wordpress.org/search/https%3A%2Fjoinlive77.com
https://www.pinterest.nz/search/pins/?q=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F&rs=typed&term_meta[]=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F%7Ctyped
https://play.google.com/store/search?q=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F&c=apps&hl=en_US&gl=US
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?search=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F&title=Special%3ASearch&go=Go&ns0=1
https://support.google.com/admob/search?q=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/buglist.cgi?quicksearch=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://developers.google.com/s/results/third-party-ads?q=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/?s=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com%2F
https://www.dictionary.com/misspelling?term=https://joinlive77.com/
https://wtop.com/search/?s=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.sweetwater.com/store/search.php?s=joinlive77.com
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/archive?search=joinlive77.com&op=
https://movabletype.org/search/?search=https://joinlive77.com/
https://ehe.osu.edu/search/google/https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/search?qs=https://joinlive77.com/
https://flipboard.com/search/https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.imdb.com/find?q=https://joinlive77.com/&ref_=nv_sr_sm
https://www.rottentomatoes.com/search?search=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.apple.com/us/search/https://joinlive77.com/?src=itunes_serp
https://lucian.uchicago.edu/blogs/atomicage/search/https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.scribd.com/search?content_type=tops&page=1&query=https%3A%2F%2Fjoinlive77.com&content_types=tops&language=0
https://az.linkedin.com/learning/search?keywords=joinlive77.com&upsellOrderOrigin=&trk=public
profile
learning-search-bar
search-submit
https://m.blog.naver.com/PostSearchList.naver?blogId=sjs2430004&orderType=sim&searchText=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.nasdaq.com/search?q=https://joinlive77.com/.com&page=1&sort
by=relevence&langcode=en
https://www.edx.org/search?q=https://joinlive77.com/
https://search.archives.gov/search?query=joinlive77.com&op=Search&affiliate=obamawhitehouse
https://www.hawaii.edu/search/?q=https://joinlive77.com/&submit=Search
https://comicvine.gamespot.com/search/?header=1&q=https://joinlive77.com/
https://time.com/search/?q=https://joinlive77.com/

enviree
enviree

May 31, 2021

levitra shipped from us

sildenafil soft online
sildenafil soft online

March 29, 2021

sildenafil 100 no prescription https://eunicesildenafilcitrate.com/ purchase sildenafil pills

tadalafil online
tadalafil online

March 28, 2021

tadalafil 40 mg from india https://elitadalafill.com/ buy tadalafil us

staxyn (vardenafil)
staxyn (vardenafil)

March 27, 2021

generic vardenafil 20mg india https://vegavardenafil.com/ vardenafil tablets

how to adminiter transurethral alprostadil muse video
how to adminiter transurethral alprostadil muse video

March 26, 2021

what is alprostadil used for https://alprostadildrugs.com/ alprostadil ingredients 745-65-3

Leave a comment